Tone in Mbelime Nouns
Rachel Liu, Série électronique de documents de travail, SIL Togo-Bénin, Numéro 1, 2013
This report describes the results of a study of tone in Mbelime nouns. There are six underlying tone melodies on simple nouns. While the results indicate that there are three underlying tones, there are four surface tones. The underlying natures of the two highest surface tones are unclear and merit further study. Tonal phenomena include automatic downstep, low tone spreading, and what appears to be upstep.
Tone in the Mbelime Verb System
Christina M. Melick, Mémoire de Master, SIL eBook 47, 2012
This thesis describes the tonal system of verbs in Mbelime (ISO 639-3: mql), a Niger-Congo: Gur language spoken in northwestern Benin (Lewis 2009) and provides an analysis of this tonal system in Optimality Theory, a constraint-based phonological theory. Furthermore, the data is used to evaluate current theories of tone features, concluding that a theory which uses a relative register feature cannot accurately account for the combination of upstep and downstep that occurs in Mbelime. Although two previous works describe tone on Mbelime verbs (Rietkerk 2000; Neukom 2005), they disagree on some points of analysis and neither makes full use of autosegmental theory. Therefore, this thesis serves to clarify points of disagreement and provide a more thorough, theoretically-grounded analysis. Furthermore, Mbelime has three underlying tones as well as upstep and downstep, a rare combination of features, so this detailed analysis of Mbelime tone will benefit the field of linguistics.
The Syllable Contact Law in Mbelime
Christina Melick, GIALens, Electronic Notes Series 6, 2012
Verb roots undergo complex morphophonemic changes due to the Syllable Contact Law when aspectual suffixes are added in Mbelime (ISO 639-3:mql), a Niger-Congo: Gur language spoken in northwestern Benin. This article describes these changes and provides an analysis using Optimality Theory, a constraint-based phonological theory. The Syllable Contact Law is an undominated constraint in Mbelime that causes either total assimilation of consonants in contact or vowel epenthesis. This may also result in deletion of root segments based on a configuration of prosodic markedness constraints.
Esquisse grammaticale du Mbèlimè : Langue voltaïque du Bénin
Lukas Neukom, ASAS (Arbeiten des Seminars für Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft) 18, Zürich : Universität Zürich, 2004
Ce livre présente une esquisse de la grammaire de mbèlimè.